Interest on Director’s Loan to Company

  • November 23, 2023
  • December 15, 2023
  • Shaz Nawaz
  • 13 min read

If you want to provide funds to your company, then you can do so through a director’s loan. This way you can help your business without having to tie up your personal resources in share capital. You should consider all the factors before lending money to your company. Make sure that your contribution does not go unrecognised in case of growth or the sale of the company. Furthermore, you should consider the potential risks of the repayment of the loan. This guide will cover everything about a director’s loan, including charging interest on director’s loan to company.

First, let’s discuss the definition of a director’s loan. Then we can discuss the advantages of disadvantages of lending money to your company as a shareholding director.

What is a Director’s Loan?

When a financial transaction that is not a dividend, salary, or expense repayment takes place between a company and its director, it is called a Director’s Loan. Specific tax legislation governs these loans in the UK. Furthermore, they require record-keeping. When a director borrows money from the company or they lend funds to the company, it is a director’s loan.

What is a Director’s Loan

Types of Director’s Loans

Following are the two kinds of director’s loans available:

1. When Director Owes Money to the Company

In this type of loan, the director borrows money from their company. Then, they must return the loan within a specific period. Otherwise, there are tax implications.

2. When Director Lends Money to the Company

In this scenario, the director is the one lending money to the company. Thus, they can withdraw it any time they want to. There are no Corporation Tax implications in this case.

What is a Director’s Loan Account (DLA)?

As a director of the company, when you take out a loan, you must maintain a Director’s Loan Account. Within this account are the records of all the transactions that relate to the loan. These include the records of the director withdrawing cash. Also, when they pay with company money for personal expenses. In case your company has more than one director, then you each need your own DLA. Then, can you charge interest on director’s loan to company?

What is a Director’s Loan to a Company?

When you provide funding to your company directly, then it is a shareholder’s or director’s loan. The funding comes from your company, and they will repay you.

This is different from you taking share capital in your company. In this case, there is no increase in your current shareholding through the loan itself. As a result, you do not get an additional shareholder rights or rewards.  

The company’s balance sheet will state this loan and they are under obligation to repay the loan. Whether it is with interest on not is dependent on you.

Can You Charge Interest on Director’s Loan to Company?

Yes, you can charge interest. That does not mean that you should. It depends on your personal circumstances. As a director, you can lend money to your company and charge interest in it. However, you must justify it to HMRC. Also, you should give a justification for the interest rate that you are going to charge. You must set it at a commercial rate.

When you charge interest on your director’s loan, there are both benefits and downsides. Often, you can extract the interest that you receive free of tax.

Please note that it is only tax free if it is within your allowances for the relevant tax year. These are your starting rate for savings, Personal Allowance, and Personal Savings Allowance. Since your income from all sources and tax-band are determinants, you can owe tax at 40% or 45%. It is important to educate yourself about these allowances. Furthermore, you should reach out to your accountant. They will advise you on the potential tax implications.

This does involve a bit of paperwork for you and your company. You must declare the income on your Self-Assessment Tax Return for that tax year. Whereas your company must report it by submitting a CT61 form. Now, you know that you can charge interest on director’s loan to company.

Additionally, 20% tax applies to the interest payment. Nevertheless, it is a deductible expense. This means that the profits of your company will decrease. Thus, it is a Corporation Tax. As a result, this method is tax efficient. Unless you get an additional tax charge on the interest that you receive.

What are the Advantages of a Director’s Loan to Company?

Following are the many benefits of lending money to your company:

A Director’s Loan is Straightforward and Quick

It is simple and quick for you to lend money to your company.

Whereas if you were to take out a commercial loan or invest in share capital, you require mandatory forms for the complex process. For a director’s loan to the company, there is no requirement for paperwork. You do not even need a loan agreement. When you transfer the money into the bank account of the company, it will appear on the balance sheet.

There are no restrictions on the Use of the Loan

Usually, there are no stipulations or limitations on how your company can use the loan funds. Which is not the case with commercial loans. It is important to understand the rules of charging interest on director’s loan to company.

You and your fellow directors have the power to decide how to use the loan. It is in the best interests of the company. This way, you can achieve business goals.

There is no Impact on the Shareholder Structure

If you were to invest by taking additional share capital, it would affect the shareholding structure. Whereas that is not the case when you lend money to your company.

You have Control Over Repayment

This type of loan is usually not documented and repayable according to your demand. As the lender, you can time the repayment in such a way that it suits you and your company both. For the repayment to take place, the company should have enough funds. Also, you should know how to charge interest on director’s loan to company.

Whereas, if you lend cash to your company through an increase in your share capital, it is difficult to access the cash. It can only happen through transfer or sale of your shares. Or the sale of the company.

You can Charge Interest on the Loan

Another benefit of a director’s loan to your company is that you can charge interest in it. It is a business expense for your company. This means they can deduct it from their profits.

Nevertheless, it is rare to charge interest on shareholder loans. As the lender, personal tax implications apply as it has the tax treatment of income.

What are the Disadvantages of Director’s Loan to Company?

Following are the drawbacks of lending money to your company:

Potential Risk Due to Disagreement Amongst Shareholding Directors

When you and your fellow shareholding directors agree on the direction of your company, then it makes sense to lend money. In this case, you can rest assured of the repayment of the loan.

Although, if they disagree, then there is a risk that you will not receive repayment. This is especially true if there is no written agreement on the loan.

If you want to mitigate this risk, then you should get the terms of your loam in writing. These terms should state how and when the repayment will take place. A loan agreement between you and your company can state these terms. Or you can mention it in the shareholders’ agreement. This is between you and the shareholders. Thus, it is important to know how to charge interest on director’s loan to company.

Potential Risk If the Company Becomes Insolvent

To make the repayment of your loan, the company should make money and pay off the debts it owes. In case the company faces insolvency and cannot pay the debts, then it is unlikely they will repay your loan. Therefore, this is a risk for you. When a company becomes insolvent and goes into liquidation, there is a ranking of creditors in such a situation. Those who gave loans to the company and have a connection to it rank at the bottom of that list.

Suppose your company is facing financial difficulty. In this case, if they made any repayments to you, then a liquidator can claw them back. There are several circumstances where this can happen if your company becomes insolvent.

In the event of insolvency, your investment of share capital does not grant any additional protection. This is because if there is any payment from the remaining assets of the company, then shareholders are the last to receive it. Thus, you must understand how to charge interest on director’s loan to company.

You should consider whether it is right to take security over the assets you intend to purchase through your loan. That is, if your loan is substantial. If the company becomes insolvent, then this will improve your ranking and you are more likely to get paid. The circumstances of your company determine all this. If you have any other commercial loans, then they will limit how your company can borrow.

In the early stages, you must find a balance when deciding how to fund your company. Often, commercial lenders need personal guarantees from shareholding directors. In the event of insolvency to your company, your personal assets become at risk. In comparison, a personal loan that you can afford to lose is better.

There is no Additional Upside if your Loan Leads to the Growth of the Company

Suppose your loan is one of the main reasons for the growth of your business. Then, you sell the company. Consequently, you can miss out on a significant return.

Usually, a business is taken over after settling all debts. This includes the repayment of any director’s loan to the company. Thus, in this situation, they repay your loan, yet you do not receive any higher payout on your shares. This is because your shareholding does not increase through your loan. It remains the same.

In comparison with other shareholding directors, if the amount of loan you are providing is substantially more, then you can get an upside. You should state that when they sell the company, you will receive some upside or additional shares. This is because of the additional amount that you gave. You also have the option to mention in the loan agreement that the loan will turn into shares under certain circumstances. This is based on an agreed valuation. You must specify the terms, otherwise it will not mean anything.

Director’s Loans do not Have the Rigour and Focus of Commercial Loans

You must prepare and produce detailed business plans and rationale when applying for a business loan from a commercial lender. Whereas when shareholding directors provide loans, they do not come with the same rigour. There exists a risk in the form of making decisions that do not use the cash wisely. As a result, the repayment of that cash is jeopardised. Therefore, you should know the rules for charging interest on director’s loan to company.


What Must You Do Before Making a Director’s Loan Available?

To make a director’s loan to your company, the requirement for technical due diligence is limited.

You need to check the Articles of Association to verify that you can make a director’s loan to the company. Moreover, you should pay attention to your business plan. This way you know where they will apply for the loan and when repayment is suitable for you and the company. Hence, it is essential to comprehend how to charge interest on director’s loan to company.

What are the Advantages of Director’s Loan Terms in Writing?

By documenting your loan, you have the benefit of certainty as to when and how the company will repay you if it has the funds.

Having the terms in writing protects you in case of any conflict between you and the shareholders or directors. Furthermore, you may want to get recognition for additional contribution to your company through documentation. You can state what more you will receive if the company grows, and they sell it. For example, converting the loan to shares.

What Documents Do You Require for a Director’s Loan?

The documentation for a director’s loan to the company is quite simple. You have the option to for a separate loan agreement or insert it in the general terms of the shareholder’s agreement. That is, if you are going to enter into a shareholder’s agreement.

Following are the main provisions of the documentation:

  • The amount of the loan.
  • When the repayment is due or a repayment schedule. Also, the events that can lead to an immediate repayment.
  • If there is any interest due.
  • What occurs if you do not want repayment.
  • Any conditions that apply to the use of the loan.
  • The effects on the loan in case of the sale of the company.


To conclude, lending money to your company as its director is a great way to provide funds for your business. There are many factors to consider before you make the loan, such as the risks of repayment. You should weigh the pros and cons of this type of loan. However, it is important to note that you can charge interest ondirector’s loan to company. Although, it depends on your individual circumstances, whether it is appropriate. It is best to reach out for professional advice before loaning money to your company.

To conclude, as an Airbnb host, you may need to report your income. It is all dependent upon your circumstances and the amount of income you earn per year. If it crosses the specific threshold, then you must report it and pay tax. There is no need to stress, as you can reduce your tax liability with various methods. Furthermore, there are plenty of advantages to running an Airbnb business in the UK. It is ideal to reach out for expert advice before deciding to go down this road.

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